Tcdn
Posts: 211
Joined: Sat Jul 09, 2016 1:52 pm

Self Driving Cars

Sun Aug 28, 2016 3:25 pm

Reading the news this morning and noticed a big surge of information on self driving cars.

The link below is about a new self driving vehicle from China



http://www.techtimes.com/articles/17531 ... ery-eq.htm

Tcdn
Posts: 211
Joined: Sat Jul 09, 2016 1:52 pm

Re: Self Driving Cars

Sun Aug 28, 2016 3:26 pm

Here is another article about Mercedes

http://www.thestar.com.my/business/busi ... iving-car/

Tcdn
Posts: 211
Joined: Sat Jul 09, 2016 1:52 pm

Re: Self Driving Cars

Sun Aug 28, 2016 3:29 pm

Clearly the self driving car is something everyone thinks is going to be very popular. Companies are investing in high priced talent to ensure they stay in the forefront

https://cdanews.com/2016/08/google-hire ... r-project/

laev
Posts: 148
Joined: Tue Aug 09, 2016 8:10 pm

Re: Self Driving Cars

Sun Aug 28, 2016 3:34 pm

Yeah especially on my tech apps there is a lot of autonomous news. This article brings to attention the lack of testing the self driving vehicles

http://www.recode.net/2016/8/23/1258581 ... r-kalanick

aidan
Posts: 157
Joined: Sat Jul 09, 2016 1:46 pm

Re: Self Driving Cars

Sun Aug 28, 2016 3:51 pm

There are going to be more issues highlighted as very little testing has been done. I find this shocking as we are talking about serious injuries and fatalities if something goes wrong

http://www.ibtimes.com/15-nhtsa-complai ... sy-2407716

new2evs
Posts: 94
Joined: Tue Aug 09, 2016 8:05 pm

Re: Self Driving Cars

Mon Aug 29, 2016 2:39 pm

A poll done to see what Americans think of self driving vehicles

https://www.google.ca/amp/www.vox.com/p ... oid-google

Tessy
Posts: 134
Joined: Sat Jul 09, 2016 1:51 pm

Re: Self Driving Cars

Wed Aug 31, 2016 3:01 am

Will Pedestrians Be Able to Tell What a Driverless Car Is About to Do?
For self-driving vehicles to succeed, they’ll have to earn the trust of walkers, joggers, and bicyclists.

http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/a ... nd/497801/


A van used to test how pedestrians respond to self-driving vehicles


A fully autonomous self-driving car doesn’t really need a steering wheel, or a rearview mirror, or even windows to get where it’s going. But the first models are still likely to have them. (And not just because such features could be legally required.)

In the coming years and decades, as the public decides how to feel about autonomous cars, the way that self-driving vehicles appear will be arguably as important as how they function. And people, Americans in particular, have clearly defined expectations about what cars ought to look like.

“When we’re looking at new devices, you could make them anything, right? Any shape, any form,” said Robert Brunner, the industrial designer who worked for many years at Apple and now runs his own design studio. “But we’re also trying to get people to relate to and understand the technology.” Self-driving vehicles, he says, should feel inviting and friendly, and should inspire confidence. The way to do this might be to follow Google’s lead, and make driverless cars cute. At the very least, Brunner told me, the ideal self-driving car probably shouldn’t be a “black menacing thing with lots of red lights.”

Engineers and designers will also have to take into account some of the new challenges that accompany driverlessness. For instance: How will self-driving vehicles communicate with human drivers, pedestrians, and bicyclists? The use of blinkers, brake lights, and hazard lights can be automated, surely, but there are many human gestures and cues that are a crucial part of how people navigate the roads—eye contact, the waving of a hand at an intersection—which a machine can’t precisely emulate.

“We learn from birth how to communicate with other people, but communicating with machines is a very different skill.”
“There are ways of drastically reducing the level of complexity of these systems and making them logical and understandable and reliable,” said Sam Arbesman, the author of Overcomplicated: Technology at the Limits of Comprehension. “The problem is—because of the fact we build the new on top of the old—we aim for these really, really pristine constructions that are built with all these design practices and principles, but things cannot be perfect.”

A more slippery existential problem is that new ways for driverless cars to communicate with pedestrians will only work if people respond to them. But getting people to respond to a new kind of design signal—just getting them to understand it in the first place—is iffy at best.

“People hate ambiguity and unpredictability,” said Chris Rockwell, the CEO and founder of Lextant, a design consulting firm. “I don’t care if it’s your toaster or your car; if you’re confused, you’re not having a great experience. And if it acts in strange or unpredictable ways, it’s not acceptable.”

The trouble is, people are unpredictable. So designing new ways for machines to communicate with them isn’t exactly straightforward. Many ideas for new communications systems have been proposed—driverless cars might feature audible chimes, voice instructions, or text displays to communicate their next moves—but few if any such systems have been tested. “The ideas aren’t the problem; it’s raining ideas,” Rockwell said. “The challenge is really understanding what problem we’re solving. These are human systems, ultimately.”

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“From our standpoint, autonomous vehicles and self-driving systems will happen,” he added. “It’s kind of an inevitability. But the challenge won’t be around the technology as much as it will be around the psychology. It’s going to be critical to gain trust—and that trust can be designed into these systems. Trust not only with the passengers, but also the pedestrians outside.”

In an attempt to better understand how pedestrians might respond to self-driving vehicles, roboticists at Duke recently carried an experiment that involved comparing the effectiveness of several different prototypes for vehicle-to-pedestrian communications. (They detailed their findings in a paper that’s now under review for presentation at the Transportation Research Board’s annual meeting.)

The researchers used a van meant to look like a driverless vehicle, and outfitted it with a large display that could feature “walk” and “don’t walk” signals, as well as a numeric display of the speed at which the vehicle was traveling. “The idea was that the participants would use the speedometer to determine whether it was safe to cross,” said Michael Clamann, a roboticist at Duke and one of the lead authors of the paper. “Reading ‘0’ would be the safest, but the objective was to provide a display that would indicate the vehicle was decelerating.”

As it turned out, most pedestrians ignored the new-fangled display, whichever iteration was used. Pedestrians were more likely to rely on “legacy behaviors”—like eyeballing an approaching car’s speed and inferring how quickly to dart across the street—rather than external displays.

“As we start the transition to driverless vehicles, designers need to be aware that people will rely on old habits when interacting with the new technologies,” Clamann said. Part of the problem is that for a display to be useful, the text has to be huge. And even when it’s big enough, a lot of people seemed to ignore it anyway. To be visible from a distance of 100 feet, a single letter would need to be six inches tall and nearly four inches wide. “So a screen designed to display a simple message like ‘safe to cross’ without scrolling horizontally would require a screen at least 47 inches wide,” the researchers wrote. From 200 feet away, the same message would have to be over 100 inches wide; wider than most cars.

“Right now, a pedestrian communicates with a driver. In the future, this communication will be between a human and a machine, which is an area that requires exploration and careful design decisions,” Clamann told me. “We learn from birth how to communicate with other people, but communicating with machines is a very different skill. We need to make sure the displays and signals work as intended before we release them.”

The team at Duke found no significant differences between any of the 35 different displays they tested, meaning each was “as effective as the current status quo of having no display at all.”

Nearly 5,000 pedestrians were killed by cars in 2014 in the United States alone, according to data from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Driverless cars—with their famously sterling safety records—may be able to reduce those statistics significantly. Still, about half of the pedestrian deaths in the 10-year period ending with 2014 occurred because the pedestrian ran into the road, failed to yield to a vehicle with the right of way, or otherwise crossed the street improperly, the Duke researchers said. Even the best-programmed autonomous cars will be unable to prevent every pedestrian death unless those vehicles can find a way to prompt safer pedestrian behaviors. In other words, with self-driving cars facing a critical test period for the public’s trust, the status quo isn’t going to be good enough.

sam
Posts: 214
Joined: Sat Jul 09, 2016 1:47 pm

Re: Self Driving Cars

Wed Aug 31, 2016 5:59 pm

Holy dynamo a ton of info coming out for autonomous vehicles

new2evs
Posts: 94
Joined: Tue Aug 09, 2016 8:05 pm

Re: Self Driving Cars

Thu Sep 01, 2016 3:42 pm

This article is long but does hit a lot of the mainstream automakers

http://www.startribune.com/the-driverle ... 391785301/

The driverless revolution shifts into high gear
Promises for the future came in a flurry the past few weeks.
By Russ Mitchell and Scott Wilson Los Angeles Times AUGUST 30, 2016 — 7:36PM

Self-driving cars, like this fleet of Google vehicles, are supposed to be safer than cars driven by people because they don’t make human errors. However, legal issues connected to driverless cars have raised many questions and emotion might prove a greater obstacle to their acceptance in the long run.
What a big month it’s been for driverless cars.

Ford Motor Co. announced that it would put fully driverless vehicles, without steering wheels or pedals, on the road by 2021. Uber said it would start offering autonomous rides in Pittsburgh — with an Uber employee at the wheel, just in case — by the end of summer.

A new revolution in personal transportation is at hand.

“The world is changing,” said Hans-Werner Kaas, senior partner at McKinsey & Co.’s global automotive practice. “In the next few years, there will be a significant injection of technology” in new cars.

Newcomers like Google, Apple and Uber want into the game, and “the incumbents of the past are trying to change as much as they can,” Kaas said.

To compete, automakers are entering into partnerships with ride-hailing services and buying technology companies. All the major car companies have set up research labs in Silicon Valley, where they are trying to lure scarce talent and expand their operations.

HITTING THE ROAD, SOON: A Google self-driving car has been involved in small crashes because it observes traffic laws to the letter, and people don’t. Right, the Volvo XC90 self-driving SUV used by Uber.

GORDON DE LOS SANTOS GOOGLE VIA NEW YORK TIMES/JUSTIN FINE VIRGINIA TECH VIA AP
HITTING THE ROAD, SOON:
A Google self-driving car has been involved in small crashes because it observes traffic laws to the letter, and people don’t. Right, the Volvo XC90 self-driving SUV used by Uber.

There’s good reason. A recent McKinsey study found that new revenue from on-demand mobile services, data-driven services and autonomous driving could add up to more than $1.5 trillion a year industrywide by 2030 — on top of an estimated $5.2 trillion in traditional car sales and aftermarket products and services.

The revolution is being driven by technology, economics and social requirements. Sensors have gotten small enough and cheap enough to be mounted on cars without adding so much cost that people won’t buy them. Artificial intelligence has advanced enough to make the sensors’ data intelligible. Crowded highways have made driving miserable in urban areas. And consumers have always worried about safety.

The companies pushing driverless cars insist they will be safer, and federal transportation officials agree. New regulations are expected soon from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, and the agency’s administrator has said that the rules are being written so as not to hinder innovation.

The safety issue was put into question after a fatal crash of a Tesla in Autopilot mode in May. The company said safety statistics are on its side, but any major mishap involving driverless cars is bound to draw media scrutiny.

In the meantime, the automobile industry is moving ahead, not wanting to be left behind while the transportation industry undergoes a historic transformation.

Here is what some of the companies are doing:

GOOGLE/FIAT CHRYSLER

Google’s autonomous vehicle program has 21 modified Lexus SUVs and 33 podlike small cars that can drive themselves. In May, Google announced a deal with Fiat Chrysler Automobiles to more than double the size of its fleet by adding 100 Chrysler Pacifica minivans. For now, Google’s cars operate only under the oversight of company experts. Google is unlikely to manufacture its own cars for the mass market.

FORD

Ford announced plans earlier this month to make fully autonomous cars available for sale by 2021. The cars would have no steering wheels or pedals. At first they will be used for ride hailing and ride sharing, with sales to individual drivers an indeterminate number of years after that. Ford Motor Co. has made a $75 million investment in Velodyne LiDar Inc., a Northern California company that specializes in lidar, a technology that uses light to detect objects.

UBER/VOLVO

San Francisco-based Uber will enable customers in Pittsburgh to summon rides from autonomous Volvo XC90s and Ford Focuses by the end of the summer. For now, the cars will have an Uber employee in the driver’s seat just in case. But Uber intends to eventually render human drivers unnecessary. The world’s largest ride-hailing company has also reached a $300 million deal with Volvo to codevelop additional autonomous vehicles.

BMW

In July, BMW said it plans to release a fleet of fully autonomous vehicles by 2021 in a partnership with Intel and Israeli tech firm Mobileye. BMW has signaled ambitions to develop a range of autonomous vehicles with different levels of human and machine control. It has received permission from the California Department of Motor Vehicles to test driverless cars.

GENERAL MOTORS/LYFT

This year, GM bought an autonomous car start-up, Cruise Automation, and said it would work with Lyft to develop driverless taxis. General Motors announced a $500 million investment in Lyft in January. The two companies said it will build an Autonomous On-Demand Network that will leverage GM’s autonomous vehicle development and Lyft’s ride-matching, routing and payment software.

FILE - This Friday, Nov. 13, 2015 file photo provided by Virginia Tech shows Virginia Tech Center for Technology Development Program Administration Specialist Greg Brown behind the wheel of a driverless car during a test ride showing the alert system handing over automation to the driver, while traveling street in Blacksburg, Va. New cars that can steer and brake themselves may lull drivers into a false sense of security. One way to keep people alert may be providing distractions that are now illegal, just one surprising finding from Stanford University research that studied the behavior of students in a self-driving car simulator.(Justin Fine/Virginia Tech via AP, File)

FILE - This Friday, Nov. 13, 2015 file photo provided by Virginia Tech shows Virginia Tech Center for Technology Development Program Administration Specialist Greg Brown behind the wheel of a driverless car during a test ride showing the alert system handing over automation to the driver, while traveling street in Blacksburg, Va. New cars that can steer and brake themselves may lull drivers into a false sense of security. One way to keep people alert may be providing distractions that are now illegal, just one surprising finding from Stanford University research that studied the behavior of students in a self-driving car simulator.(Justin Fine/Virginia Tech via AP, File)

TESLA

Tesla has been rolling out self-driving technology to consumers more aggressively than anyone. In 2015, the electric car company activated its Autopilot mode, which automates steering, braking and lane switching but requires the driver to remain attentive and keep his or her hands on the wheel. Its software, including Autopilot code, is regularly updated over the airwaves.

jimmyjon
Posts: 147
Joined: Tue Aug 09, 2016 8:08 pm

Re: Self Driving Cars

Fri Sep 02, 2016 3:22 am

I like Yessy:s article. How do we react to self driving vehicles Many situations were pedestrian and driver communicate leads to accident free situations

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